After the Spring Economic Transitions in the Arab World.

After the Spring Economic Transitions in the Arab World

 

The Arab Spring constitutes the most far-reaching political and economic transition since the end of communism in Europe. For too long, the economic aspirations of the people in the region, especially young people, have been ignored by the leaders in Arab countries and abroad. Competing views as to how best to meet these aspirations are now being debated in the region. The outcome will shape Arab societies for generations to come.
The authors of this book argue that they are underway. Although each country has a different economic structure and history and must make its own way forward, there are spill-overs from trade and investment linkages, the contagion of the news cycles, that are too great to ignore. Some common foundation of the new Arab economies is needed. Towards that end, this volume addresses. First, with two-thirds of the population under the age of 30, the disproportionate burdens of unemployment and poor education can no longer be heaped on youth. Second, while some government policies may have improved the living standards of Arab citizens in the past, they have also entrenched cronies, enriched a small elite, and become unaffordable. Third, if Arab economies are to compete in the 21st century, they can not depend solely on oil and gas money, remittances, and tourism, but will require active, independent private sectors. And finally, the relative isolation of the Arab economies – both from each other and from the world – must end.
Rather than providing specific lists of recommendations, this book sets forth the set of guidelines and priorities for reformers who will begin creating new opportunities for youth, rebuilding the institutions of the state, diversifying the private sector, and cooperating with each other and integrating with the world economy.

You can download it from this link

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What do you do?

Top Notch Pop Lyrics

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English Conversation

Practice Makes Perfect: English Conversation (Practice Makes Perfect Series)

English Conversation – Practice Makes Perfect

Practice Makes Perfect: English Conversation (Practice Makes Perfect Series)

Learn how to speak English fluently and spontaneously with helpful instruction on correct pronunciation, grammar, syntax, and word usage, keeping in mind the typical problems of non-native English speakers. Includes engaging dialogues to illustrate practical conversational situations and example phrases or sentences to clarify each point. Practical and high-frequency vocabulary used throughout.

Practice Makes Perfect: English Conversation offers:
Engaging dialogues illustrate practical conversational situations
Example phrases or sentences clarify each point
A variety of exercises for practice, with an answer key that provides instant feedback and reference
Practical and high-frequency vocabulary used throughout.

Download from this link: http://bit.ly/1KjrYPN

Top Notch TV Fundamentals Course Season 1.

The four-Level “Top Notch TV Video Course,” by Joan Saslow and Allen Ascher, builds both Listening comprehensions skills and Productive Language skills. Each level of “Top Notch TV” consists of a hilarious TV-style situation comedy and authentic on-the-street interviews. In addition, five original pop songs and karaoke help reinforce new language. “Top Notch TV” is available in DVD or VHS format and Comes Packaged with photocopiable Activity Worksheets and Teaching Notes.
The “Top Notch TV Video Course” CAN be Used in a number of Ways:
* As a video-based Complete Listening / Speaking Course That Teaches Key Vocabulary, Grammar, and Social Language
* As a video-plus-workbook Supplement to Accompany the “Top Notch” Textbook series
* As a video-plus-workbook complement to any Low-Beginning to Intermediate-Level English Language Course
* As a self-study or distance-learning video-plus-workbook program.

Top Notch TV Fundamentals Course Season 1/ Unit 1.

The four-Level “Top Notch TV Video Course,” by Joan Saslow and Allen Ascher, builds both Listening comprehensions skills and Productive Language skills. Each level of “Top Notch TV” consists of a hilarious TV-style situation comedy and authentic on-the-street interviews. In addition, five original pop songs and karaoke help reinforce new language. “Top Notch TV” is available in DVD or VHS format and Comes Packaged with photocopiable Activity Worksheets and Teaching Notes.
The “Top Notch TV Video Course” CAN be Used in a number of Ways:
* As a video-based Complete Listening / Speaking Course That Teaches Key Vocabulary, Grammar, and Social Language.
* As a video-plus-workbook Supplement to Accompany the “Top Notch” Textbook series
* As a video-plus-workbook complement to any Low-Beginning to Intermediate-Level English Language Course.
* As a self-study or distance-learning video-plus-workbook program.

Top Notch TV Fundamentals Course Season 1 / Unit 2.

* Who’s that?
* Social language.
* Discuss nationalities and occupations.
* Grammar possessive adjectives.