Legislation’s Role in Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals

 

Abstract

This research paper explores the ways of improving the Egyptian economy through the legislation’s role in implementing the sustainable development goals. After the Arab Spring and during the new economic transitions process, the need becomes urgent to make sweeping reforms to the public sector, the problems of the private sector, external markets-whether national or global, investments in regional grid as well as in solar power such as solar generation.
I will begin my discussion by taking Egypt as the proto-typical example of a state which made the transition from the absence of a legal system with irrelevant laws, a weak judiciary, and a multitude of obsolete economic regulations to a modern state. I will examine later some of the variants of this process in modernizing the public sector in long-term challenge, the problems of the private sector in the region. First, the agenda for private sector reform is enormous. Most have a complex and overburdened structure of administrative controls. For example, Egypt has cataloged 36,000 regulations affecting the private sector. Many of these regulations operate at cross-purposes, cover different ministries, and are implemented by different levels of government that gave rise to pervasive corruption. Sometimes, even when regulations are removed, bureaucracies continue to implement the old laws. Firms find it hard to start a new business and also to shut down. In Egypt, bankruptcy is considered a crime, a fact which deters innovation, investment and risk taking. More broadly, creditor rights, quality of information, collateral regimes, and other legal rights are unclear and underdeveloped. As a result of this situation, private sector firms often focus on successful rent seeking, rather than production and innovation. Finally, I will deal with the small, medium enterprises, and large enterprises which have equally important, although somewhat different roles to play.

English Conversation

Practice Makes Perfect: English Conversation (Practice Makes Perfect Series)

English Conversation – Practice Makes Perfect

Practice Makes Perfect: English Conversation (Practice Makes Perfect Series)

Learn how to speak English fluently and spontaneously with helpful instruction on correct pronunciation, grammar, syntax, and word usage, keeping in mind the typical problems of non-native English speakers. Includes engaging dialogues to illustrate practical conversational situations and example phrases or sentences to clarify each point. Practical and high-frequency vocabulary used throughout.

Practice Makes Perfect: English Conversation offers:
Engaging dialogues illustrate practical conversational situations
Example phrases or sentences clarify each point
A variety of exercises for practice, with an answer key that provides instant feedback and reference
Practical and high-frequency vocabulary used throughout.

Download from this link: http://bit.ly/1KjrYPN

New English File/ Beginner

New English File/ Beginner.

Description:

This series with all of it’s resource materials is the best out there as far as I (with my 17 years of English teaching experience) can see. It is well-designed and you can just feel that it’s been thoroughly tested in action. The speed of the course is just fine as long as the students had the appropriate level to begin with (not too low). The workbook is excellent homework material for students. If the students have the appropriate level, if they study and actually attend your classes and if they are punctual, they can keep up with the classes just fine. As always the onus is on the students to actually do their homework.

The down side to this workbook plus “MultiRom” is that when you receive it, you may not actually know how to make it work. It’s supposed to work in your CD player as a CD and in your computer as a PC-program, but mine didn’t in both Windows Vista and XP and I’m an advanced user. If you have a problem and you need assistance from their technical support department, good luck. I’ve called every support number available and every single one of them passed the buck through to some answering machine. Their post-purchase service is hell.

Student’s Book, Class Audio CDs.

Key features:

* 100% new.

* Motivating, real-world material.

* Grammar Bank with rules and exercises.

* Illustrated Vocabulary Bank and Sound Bank.

* Practical English with authentic interviews.

* The perfect balance of grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and skills to get the students speaking English with confidence.

* Shorter syllabus for Beginner-level students.

* Three CDs of class listening material.

Download

* Student’s Book:  Student’s book for beginner

* CD1: Audio CD

* CD2: Audio CD

* CD3: Audio CD

Teacher’s book

The password of the workbook is: englishtips.org

* Workbook with audio CD