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What Do You Do?
What do you do?
What do you do?
I’m a student.
You’re a teacher.
She’s a doctor.
He’s a nurse.
What about you?
What do you do?
I’m a florist.
You’re a gardener.
He’s a waiter.
She’s a chef.
That’s what we do.
It’s nice to meet you.
What’s your name?
Can you spell that, please?
Yes, it’s nice to meet you, too.
We are artists and musicians,
architects, and electricians.
How about you?
What do you do?
We are bankers,
we are dentists,
engineers, and flight attendants.
That’s what we do.
Hi, I’m Linda. Are you John?
No, he’s right over there.
Excuse me. Thank you very much.
New English File/ Beginner.
This series with all of it’s resource materials is the best out there as far as I (with my 17 years of English teaching experience) can see. It is well-designed and you can just feel that it’s been thoroughly tested in action. The speed of the course is just fine as long as the students had the appropriate level to begin with (not too low). The workbook is excellent homework material for students. If the students have the appropriate level, if they study and actually attend your classes and if they are punctual, they can keep up with the classes just fine. As always the onus is on the students to actually do their homework.
Student’s Book, Class Audio CDs.
* 100% new.
* Motivating, real-world material.
* Grammar Bank with rules and exercises.
* Illustrated Vocabulary Bank and Sound Bank.
* Practical English with authentic interviews.
* The perfect balance of grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and skills to get the students speaking English with confidence.
* Shorter syllabus for Beginner-level students.
* Three CDs of class listening material.
* Student’s Book: Student’s book for beginner
* CD1: Audio CD
* CD2: Audio CD
* CD3: Audio CD
The password of the workbook is: englishtips.org
This research paper explores the ways of improving the Egyptian economy through the legislation’s role in implementing the sustainable development goals. After the Arab Spring and during the new economic transitions process, the need becomes urgent to make sweeping reforms to the public sector, the problems of the private sector, external markets-whether national or global, investments in regional grid as well as in solar power such as solar generation.
I will begin my discussion by taking Egypt as the proto-typical example of a state which made the transition from the absence of a legal system with irrelevant laws, a weak judiciary, and a multitude of obsolete economic regulations to a modern state. I will examine later some of the variants of this process in modernizing the public sector in long-term challenge, the problems of the private sector in the region. First, the agenda for private sector reform is enormous. Most have a complex and overburdened structure of administrative controls. For example, Egypt has cataloged 36,000 regulations affecting the private sector. Many of these regulations operate at cross-purposes, cover different ministries, and are implemented by different levels of government that gave rise to pervasive corruption. Sometimes, even when regulations are removed, bureaucracies continue to implement the old laws. Firms find it hard to start a new business and also to shut down. In Egypt, bankruptcy is considered a crime, a fact which deters innovation, investment and risk taking. More broadly, creditor rights, quality of information, collateral regimes, and other legal rights are unclear and underdeveloped. As a result of this situation, private sector firms often focus on successful rent seeking, rather than production and innovation. Finally, I will deal with the small, medium enterprises, and large enterprises which have equally important, although somewhat different roles to play.
The Arab Spring constitutes the most far-reaching political and economic transition since the end of communism in Europe. For too long, the economic aspirations of the people in the region, especially young people, have been ignored by the leaders in Arab countries and abroad. Competing views as to how best to meet these aspirations are now being debated in the region. The outcome will shape Arab societies for generations to come.
The authors of this book argue that they are underway. Although each country has a different economic structure and history and must make its own way forward, there are spill-overs from trade and investment linkages, the contagion of the news cycles, that are too great to ignore. Some common foundation of the new Arab economies is needed. Towards that end, this volume addresses. First, with two-thirds of the population under the age of 30, the disproportionate burdens of unemployment and poor education can no longer be heaped on youth. Second, while some government policies may have improved the living standards of Arab citizens in the past, they have also entrenched cronies, enriched a small elite, and become unaffordable. Third, if Arab economies are to compete in the 21st century, they can not depend solely on oil and gas money, remittances, and tourism, but will require active, independent private sectors. And finally, the relative isolation of the Arab economies – both from each other and from the world – must end.
Rather than providing specific lists of recommendations, this book sets forth the set of guidelines and priorities for reformers who will begin creating new opportunities for youth, rebuilding the institutions of the state, diversifying the private sector, and cooperating with each other and integrating with the world economy.
You can download it from this link
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Learn why the hope and excitement of the Arab Spring are gone, why so many Arab states are falling apart, why the youth are so frustrated, why there are so many refugees, and what can be done about it.
The so-called Arab Spring appeared to end decades of exceptionalism and bring the Arab world back into the mainstream of global developments. The rebellions promised the return of politics and the reassertion of popular sovereignty against their corrupt and geriatric leaders. Much hope and flowery language greeted the young men and women who deposed their leaders and tried to build new, better societies.
Today, the Arab world is in deep crisis. Of the 22 member states of the Arab League, at least five have essentially collapsed: Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Somalia and Syria exist only in name today, as their territories have fallen to competing, murderous armed groups. In the remaining countries, the old autocracies have reasserted themselves. The repression at home is now worsened by regional conflict on an unprecedented scale, and the resulting frustration has led to the biggest refugee flows in recent memory. What went wrong?
This course offers an overview of the structural shortcomings of Arab states and societies, which help us understand why the democratic awakening did not happen but instead “has given way to civil wars, ethnic, sectarian and regional divisions and the reassertion of absolutism.” This raises the obvious and renewed question whether there is something inherent in the Arab, and by analogy Muslim, condition that makes them special. Does this condition make this part of the world impervious to generally observable trends towards greater accountability, popular participation in political decision-making, greater generation and fairer division of economic wealth? Join this course to find out!